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  Actos
Drug uses
Actos is a medicine belonging to the class of thiazolidinediones used to help diabetes 2 and control high level of sugar in blood. It decreases insulin resistance and helps the body transfer the sugar into the cells and turn it into energy by encouraging it to use insulin more efficiently.Actos also decreases the level of sugar in liver which is not needed.
How taken
Actos comes as a tablet taken by mouth.
Actos may be used alone and in combination with diabetes medicines taken orally and insulin injections.
It’s usually taken once a day with/without food at approximately the same time. The doses will vary from patient to patient. The average ones are:
15-30 mg a day, the maximum is 45 mg. In case the dose this high does not help, the doctor will prescribe you another medication. You should control the dose when the sugar levels are below 100.
Precautions
1 Make sure the doctor knows about any allergies you have.
2 Actos ads to your diet and exercises but doesn’t substitute for them. You should also control your body weight and stop smoking.
3 It can not be used instead insulin and is not an oral form of it.
4 If you happen to be allergic to the medicine, do not take it any more and consult with your doctor.
5 The doctor should know about any specific medical conditions of yours besides diabetes such as:
Liver/heart problems
Alcohol addiction
Swollen feet and ankles
Polycystic ovary syndrome
6 Do not discontinue taking the medicine even if you feel better. Actos does not cure diabetes but helps it.
7 Make sure the doctor knows if you are planning to have a baby or you’re already pregnant. Do not breastfeed during the treatment.
8 Inform the doctor about any medications you are taking at the moment such as
Ketoconazole
Vitamins and herbal supplements
Birth control pills
Midazolam
Anti-inflammatory medications
Any diabetes medications
Non-steroidal medications
9 Actos is not suitable to help diabetes 1 as in this condition the body does not produce any insulin at all, the same is for diabetic ketoacidosis.
10 Keep contact with your doctor during the periods of surgery, injury, stress, infection, etc. as the specialist may change the dosage for you.
11 Your doctor will ask you to do several tests before and during the treatment to find out your reaction to the medicine. This tests will be obligatory during the 1st year after the therapy course.
12 Actos may cause some decrease of white and red blood cells.
13 Make sure the specialists know about the medicine you are taking before having any kind of medical treatment.
Side effects
If any side effects occur, inform the doctor immediately. High/low sugar levels, sweating, excitement, swelling, vomiting, headache, tiredness, loss of appetite, tremor, weight gain, weakness, vision problems, pain in the muscles, abdomen, sore throat, troubled breathing, sallow complexion, fainting, clumsiness, dark urine, breathlessness, dryness in the mouth, urination problems, fluid retention, sickness, tooth problems may develop. Make sure your close people know how to cope with the situations in case any side effects occur.
Missed dose
Do not make up for a missed dose if it’s time to take the next one, just skip it and follow your regular schedule. If not, take it as soon as you remember.
Overdose
Cases of massive overdose are not known but if you think you’ve had too much, call the emergency immediately.
Storage
  • Keep away from children
  • Store at room temperature
  • Keep away from heat, cold, moisture and direct light
  • Dispose of an outdated medicine

Disclaimer
This information is to serve your information purposes only and not to substitute for the knowledge and skills of your healthcare practitioner. It covers only the general issues of the drug uses, direction, warning and possible side effects and is not to be looked upon as an instruction for a particular patient. We disclaim all responsibility for any adverse effects or any negative consequences that may be the result of the use of this information.