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  Hydroxyzine
Drug uses
Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine possessing sedative and drying properties and is used to treat allergic symptoms (red watery eyes, itchy nose, sneezing, troubled breathing, sickness, swollen face, throat). It blocks histamine, substance that adds to inflammation.
This medicine may also be used to treat insomnia, alcohol withdrawal and anxiety as it depresses CNS and brings relief .The use of Hydroxyzine is effective for patients to treat their anxiety before having a surgery as well as after it.
How taken
Hydroxyzine comes as tablets, syrup, capsules, suspension taken with/without food or a full galss of water. It lasts for 4-6 hrs after it’s taken but within the first hour it’s the most effective. Consequently, the doctor may prescribe to use it several times a day (3-4). If it’s supposed to help insomnia, it’s recommended to take the medicine an hour or half an hour before going to bed.
Liquid must be shaken before each use. Use a special measuring spoon or cup in order to take the right dose, an ordinary tablespoon is not suitable for these purposes.
Precautions
1 Tell the doctor what allergies you have got.
2 Stop taking the medicine immediately if you turn to be allergic to it and consult with your doctor.
3 Do not exceed the dose prescribed by the doctor.
4 Elderly people over 60 are more subject to side effects of the medicine.
5 Avoid drinking alcohol beverages during the treatment.
6 The doctor should know about any medications that you are taking at the moment including vitamins and different supplements. Make sure you’ve mentioned:
Barbiturates
Medicines with anticholinergic properties
Medications for cold
Anti-anxiety drugs belonging to benzodiazepine class
Antihypertensive medications
Tranquilizers
Non-narcotic analgesics
Narcotic pain-killers and their derivatives
Antidepressants (tricyclic)
Antihistamines
Sedatives
Medicines for convulsions, relaxing muscles
7 Make sure the doctor knows if you are planning to have a baby or you are pregnant already. Breastfeeding is not recommended during the treatment either.
8 One of the side effects of the medicine is giddiness; make sure you know how your body reacts to Hydroxyzine before you do anything life-threatening.
9 The doctor should also know about any specific medical conditions of yours such as:
Enlarged prostate
Asthma
Glaucoma
Overactive thyroid
Blood pressure/kidney/ urination/liver problems
Cardiovascular disease
Ulcer
10 The medicine is not recommended for children under 12 y.o. Check with the doctor before use.
11 Before having any kind of surgery make sure the specialists know about the medicine you are taking.
Side effects
Different side effects may occur while taking Hydroxyzine. The most common are fatigue, vision problems, dry and thick respiratory secretions, headache, trembling, sickness, irritation, drowsiness, confusion, giddiness, sedation, stomach upset.
Troubled breathing, anxiety and weakness in the muscles may be the symptoms demanding prompt medical help.
Missed dose
Take the dose as soon as possible if you have forgotten to do it earlier. If it’s time to take the next one, skip it and go back to your everyday schedule. Never make up for the missed dose.
Overdose
Call the emergency immediately if you suspect you’ve taken too much of the medicine. The symptoms are sickness, vomiting, unusual sleepiness, hallucinations, convulsions, decreased breathing.
Storage
  • Keep away from children
  • Store at room temperature
  • Keep the liquid from freezing
  • Keep away from heat, direct light and damp places
  • Dispose of an outdated medicine

Disclaimer
This information is to serve your information purposes only and not to be looked upon as directions for a particular patient. It’s supposed to supplement to but not to substitute for the skill and knowledge of practitioners. The abstract only covers some general issues of drug uses, directions, warnings, possible side effects. We disclaim any responsibility for any adverse effects and negative consequences that may be the result of the use of this information. For more details consult with your doctor.