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  Avandia
Drug uses
Avandia is a medicine belonging to the class of thiazolidinediones used to treat diabetes 2. Insulin is a natural hormone in the body which is to control sugar levels in blood. Avandia increases the body’s sensitivity to insulin and reduces sugar in blood. Patients having diabetes 2 can not produce enough insulin themselves that’s why they have more glucose in their blood than others.
How taken
Avandia is available as a tablet taken orally 1-2 times a day with/without food at approximately the same time (usually either in the morning or evening). Follow your doctor’s instructions when taking the medicine. The doses may vary but to start with the dose may be low and increased in 8-12 weeks of treatment when the doctor sees your reaction to the medicine. The average dose is 4-8 mg a day.
Precautions
1 Tell the doctor if you have any allergies.
2 Avandia is to treat diabetes 2 only and not type 1 diabetes (in this case the amount of insulin is very low o absent at all).
3 Do not discontinue using the medicine even if you feel better. Avandia treats diabetes 2 but doesn’t cure it completely.
4 Make sure he doctor knows if you are planning to have a baby or you are pregnant already. Do not breastfeed during the treatment.
5 Consult with the doctor if you can eat grapefruit or drink its juice.
6 Women shouldn’t take this medicine during the premenopausal period.
7 The doctor should know what medications at the moment you are taking including vitamins and herbal supplements. Make sure you’ve mentioned such as:
Birth control pills
Rifampin
Candesartan
Insulin
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines
Phenobarbital
Salicylates
Steroids
Trimethoprim
Sulfa drugs
Felodipine
Diuretics
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
Medicines for asthma,seizures, allergy, cold, diet
Zafirlukast
Beta-blockers
Trogilitazone
Probenecid
Thyroid medications
8 Make sure your doctor knows about any additional medical conditions of yours besides diabetes such as:
High fats/cholesterol
Macular edema
Blood pressure/eye/heart/liver problems
Diabetes1
Swelling of limbs
Diabetic ketoacidosis
9 Exercises and diet are to be followed together with the use of Avandia. You should also control your body weight and stop smoking.
10 Make sure you know how to act in case of high/low sugar levels in your blood as this medicine may cause it.
11 You doctor may ask you for frequent eye checks and several tests to be done quite regularly in order to control any changes.
12 The full effect produced by this medicine may be seen only in a couple of months of treatment.
Side effects
Tell the doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur: cold-like symptoms, clumsiness, backache, upset stomach, pain in the chest, cough, itching, frequent urination, headache, painful menstruation, hives, irritability, dryness in the mouth, giddiness, breathlessness, vision problems, sweating, mood changes, convulsions, fainting, coma.
Missed dose
Follow your everyday schedule and do not make up for a missed dose if it’s almost time to take the next one. If not, take the missed dose as soon as you remember.
Overdose
Headache, convulsions, tremor, giddiness, sweating, irregular heartbeat, low blood sugar, nervousness, sleepiness, hunger, loss of consciousness, coma may be observed in case of overdose. Call the emergency immediately if it’s suspected.
Storage
  • Keep away from children
  • Store at room temperature
  • Keep away from heat, cold, direct light and damp places
  • Dispose of an outdated medicine

Disclaimer
This information is to serve your information purposes only and not to be looked upon as directions for a particular patient. It’s supposed to supplement to but not to substitute for the skill and knowledge of practitioners. The abstract only covers some general issues of drug uses, directions, warnings, possible side effects. We disclaim any responsibility for any adverse effects and negative consequences that may be the result of the use of this information. For more details consult with your doctor.