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  Desloratadine
Drug uses
Desloratadine is an antihistamine used to treat allergy and its symptoms such as tearing, inflammated, itchy eyes, running nose, sneezing. This medicine is to be used for hay fever and hives. Desloratadine blocks the substance called histamine that causes allergic reaction to certain things. Besides, it may cause not so much giddiness as many medications of that class do.
How taken
Desloratadine comes in tablets as well as disintegrating ones and syrup taken by mouth with/without food. You need your hands to be dry before you peel off the foil package. After you opened it, take it immediately as it dissolves in the mouth in a second and is swallowed with saliva. The tablets are not to be crashed or chewed but taken as a whole. When taking syrup you’ll need a syringe or a measuring dropper but definitely not a teaspoon. The doses may vary, the average ones are:
For disintegrating tablets:
Children under 6: prescribed by the doctor.
Children 6-11: 2.5 mg a day.
Adults and children above 12: 5 mg a day.
For tablets:
Children under 12: prescribed by the doctor.
Adults and children above 12: 5 mg a day.
For syrup:
Children 6-11 months: 1 mg a day.
Children 1-5: 1.25 mg a day.
Children 6-11: 2.5 mg a day.
Children above 12 and adults: 5 mg a day.
Precautions
1 Follow your doctor’s instructions when taking the medication.
2 Tell the doctor if you have any allergy to any substances especially to antihistamines.
3 The doctor should know if you are planning to have a baby or you are pregnant or breastfeeding at the moment.
4 Inform the doctor if you are taking any medications at the moment (especially monoamine oxidase inhibitors, digitalis) including vitamins, herbal supplements, etc.
5 The doctor should also know about any specific conditions of yours especially if they are:
Enlarged prostate
Glaucoma
Phenylketonuria
Epilepsy
Diabetes
Liver/kidney/heart/thyroid/urination/blood pressure problems
Porphyria
6 Desloratadine may cause giddiness. Do not do anything life-threatening until you know how your body reacts to it.
7 Do not share your medication with anyone.
8 Avoid drinking alcohol beverages.
9 In combination with pseudoephedrine is not supposed to be taken by children under 12.
10 Elderly people are more subject to having side effects.
Side effects
Some side effects may occur when taking the medication, tell the doctor if they develop: menstruation problems, giddiness, swallowing problems, pain in the muscles, sleep disturbance, unusual fatigue, headache, cough, dry mouth, vomiting, sore throat, weight loss, upset stomach.
Troubled breathing, irregular heartbeat are side effects which are rare but still were observed in some cases. Call the doctor immediately if it occurs.
Missed dose
Never catch up with the missed dose and double it. If you missed one, take it as soon as possible, but if it’s time to take another one, just skip it and go back to your everyday schedule.
Overdose
In case of overdose you should immediately call the emergency. The signs of overdose may be fast heartbeat, drowsiness and giddiness.
Storage
  • Keep away from children
  • Store at room temperature
  • Keep the medicine in its container
  • Store away from cold, direct light, heat and moisture
  • Dispose of an outdated medicine