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  Fluconazole
Drug uses
Fluconazole belongs to the class of antifungals that are to treat mainly fungus infections in different parts of a human body. Fluconazole is often used to treat skin infections as well, paronychia, pneumonia (caused by fungus), septicemia (caused by fungus), vaginal infections, cyptococcosis, the ones who is going through bone marrow transplantation and having radiation therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy, throat infections, histoplasmosis, etc.
Fluconazole can not kill fungi but it stops them from spreading.
How taken
Fluconazole is available in capsules, tablets, injections (injected into the vein) and oral suspension. The treatment may take up to 6-12 months as the symptoms of fungus infections are difficult to get rid of quickly. Ideally the doses are taken regularly at the same time daily. Never exceed the doses prescribed. When using the suspension shake the liquid before use.
The doses vary from patient to patient and it’s the doctor who determines it. The average doses are:
For tablets and suspension:
Babies under 6 months: prescribed by the doctor.
Children above 6 months: 6-12 mg per kg of body weight to start with, then 3-12 mg per kg daily during the treatment.
Adults and teens: 200-400 mg a day to start with, then 100-400 mg a day during the treatment.
For capsules:
Children under 18: prescribed by the doctor.
Adults: 150 mg a day.
For injections:
Babies under 6 months: prescribed by the doctor.
Children above 6 months: 6-12 mg per kg of body weight to start with, then 3-12 mg per kg once a day.
Adults and teens: 200-400 mg to start with, then 100-400 mg a day during the treatment.
Precautions
1 Follow your doctor’s instructions when using the medicine.
2 When using oral suspension, you’ll need a special spoon to measure the doses properly (not a teaspoon).
3 Make sure your doctor knows if you have any allergies especially to any antifungals.
4 Do not discontinue using the medicine even if you feel better unless the doctor tells you to do so.
5 Tell the doctor if you are taking any medications at the moment. Make sure you do not take the medicine with any of the following:
Terfenadine
Astemizole
Blood-thinning drugs
Dofetilide
Cisapride
Hydrochlorothiazide
Antidiabetic drugs
Medicines for ulcer
Rifampin
Theophylline
Rifabutin
Phenytoin
Tacrolimus
6 Do not do anything life-threatening until you find out how your body reacts to the medicine.
7 Avoid drinking alcohol beverages during the treatment as their effect may aggravate side effects.
8 Tell the doctor if you are planning to have a baby or you are pregnant now or breastfeeding. The use of the medicine may do harm to a mother and a baby, it passes into breast milk and may be dangerous for a child.
9 Inform the doctor if you have any specific medical conditions. Be sure you mentioned:
Kidney/heart/liver problems
Alcohol addiction
Absence of stomach acid
Side effects
Side effects may occur during the treatment. They are the following: flushing, itching, rash, giddiness, sleepiness, vomiting, dark urine, fever, blisters and bruises, troubled breathing, hair loss, constipation, diarrhea, clotted throat, pain in the stomach, sallow complexion, swollen lips, tongue, face. Call the doctor if any of them develop.
Missed dose
The medicine works when there is a constant amount of it in the blood. You are not to miss doses. If you do, then take it as soon as possible. In case when it’s time to take another dose, skip it and go back to your everyday schedule. Do not catch up with the missed dose.
Overdose
Search for prompt medical help in case of overdose. The symptoms may be the following: convulsions, confusion, paranoia, troubled breathing, watery eyes, hallucinations, death.
Storage
  • Keep away from children
  • Store at room temperature
  • Keep away from direct light, moisture, heat, cold
  • Dispose of an outdated medicine

Disclaimer
The information above is to serve your information purposes only and is not to be looked upon as an instruction for a patient. This abstract only covers some general issues of drug uses, directions, warnings, possible side effects, etc. For more information you may consult with your doctor. We disclaim all responsibility for any adverse effects and negative conseuences that could be the result of the use of this information.